How do I create a robots.txt file?

Welcome to the exciting world of SEO hacks! Today, we’re diving into one of my favourites — the robots.txt file. This small but mighty text file can significantly impact your website’s SEO. By the end of this guide, you’ll be equipped to create and optimise your robots.txt file, ensuring that search engines crawl and index your site efficiently.

Understanding the Robots.txt File

The robots.txt file, also known as the robots exclusion protocol, is a text file instructs web robots (mainly search engines) on which pages of your site to crawl and which to ignore. It’s like a guidebook for search engine bots, telling them where they can and can’t go on your website.

Why is it Important?

Having a well-configured robots.txt files are crucial for several reasons:

  1. Crawl Efficiency: It helps search engines use their budget wisely by avoiding unimportant or duplicate pages.
  2. Site Security: It can prevent search engines from indexing sensitive or private areas of your site.
  3. SEO Optimisation: Using robots.txt can improve your site’s SEO by ensuring search engines focus on your most valuable content.

Creating and Accessing Your Robots.txt File

Finding Your Robots.txt File

You can quickly check if your site has a robots.txt files by appending /robots.txt to your domain (e.g., If you see a text file, you’re good to go. If not, or if it’s empty, you’ll need to create one.

Creating a New Robots.txt File

  1. Open a plain text editor like Notepad or TextEdit.
  2. Start with the following basic structure.
  3. Create a file.
  4. Copy code.
  5. User-agent: * Disallow:
  6.  This setup allows all web robots to crawl all pages of your site. From here, you can add specific rules to customise which areas of your site should be crawled.

Optimising Your Robots.txt File for SEO

Basic Syntax

  1. User-agent: Specifies which web robot the following rule applies to. Use * for all robots.
  2. Disallow: Lists the URLs or paths you want to block from crawling. Leave it empty to allow everything.

Advanced Tips:

Exclude Low-Value Content: Use Disallow to prevent search engines from wasting crawl budget on pages like login screens, admin areas, or duplicate content. Example:

  1. Javascript
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  3. User-agent: * Disallow: /wp-admin/ Disallow: /duplicate-page/
  4. Allow Important Content: Make sure your valuable content is not accidentally blocked.
  5. Use with Caution: Remember, Disallow does not guarantee that a page won’t appear in search results. For more control, use meta tags like noindex directly on the page.

Linking to Your Sitemap

Adding a link to your XML sitemap in the file can help search engines find and index your content more efficiently.



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Testing and Validating Your Robots.txt File

Before making your robots.txt file live, it must be tested to ensure it’s not blocking critical content.

  1. Google’s Robots.txt Tester: Use this tool in Google Search Console to check for errors and test specific URLs.
  2. Manual Checks: Regularly review your robots.txt file and test meaningful URLs to ensure they’re not accidentally disallowed.


You’ve learned how to create and optimise a robots.txt files to enhance your SEO strategy. Our Technical SEO Services can help you achieve this goal effectively. By properly configuring your file, you can direct search engines to your most valuable content while restricting access to less critical areas. Regular monitoring and testing are essential to ensure your robots.txt file continues to serve its purpose. Let us help you optimise your file and improve your SEO performance.

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